Crisis, valor y esperanza: repensar la economía

  • Susana Narotzky Universidad de Barcelona
  • Niko Besnier Universidad de Ámsterdam
Palabras clave: Economía, Reproducción social, Crisis, Valor, Escalas

Resumen

Crisis, valor y esperanza son tres conceptos cuya intersección y mutua constitución permiten repensar la naturaleza de la vida económica, tomando distancia de los modelos abstractos alejados de las realidades cotidianas de las personas comunes –modelos cuyas deficiencias quedaron dramáticamente expuestas con la actual crisis económica mundial–. Esta propuesta busca poner de relieve los complejos modos en que las personas intentan construir "vidas que merecen ser vividas", tanto para sí mismas como para las generaciones futuras. Esto supone no solo el trabajo asalariado, sino también estructuras de aprovisionamiento, relaciones sociales, relaciones de confianza y cuidado, así como una multiplicidad de formas de acción social que los modelos económicos dominantes consideran triviales, marginales o incluso contraproducentes. Una comprensión holística de los modos en que las personas organizan sus vidas económicas implica considerar al mismo tiempo la temporalidad del valor y la relación entre sus diferentes escalas. Supone, además, atender a la configuración espacial de la vida económica de muchas sociedades, en las que el futuro se ha convertido en sinónimo de movilidad geográfica. Así como al hecho de que “ganarse la vida” supone producir personas en sus dimensiones físicas, sociales, espirituales, afectivas e intelectuales.

Biografía del autor/a

Susana Narotzky, Universidad de Barcelona
Catedrática de la Universidad de Barcelona. Es Doctora en Ciencias Sociales y Políticas (New School Social Research, NY) y Doctora en Historia y Geografía (con orientación en antropología) por la Universidad de Barcelona. Ha dirigido el ERC Grassroots Economics: Meaning, Project and practice in the pursuit of livelihood. Entre 2019 y 2020 ha sido investigadora invitada del Social Science School, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton con el tema “Valuations of life: struggling for a future in Southern Europe”. Sus temas de investigación giran en torno a la antropología económica, las relaciones de género, los modelos económicos, los procesos de crisis así como en la relación entre memoria y producción de la agencia política
Niko Besnier, Universidad de Ámsterdam
Profesor de Antropología Cultural de la University of Amsterdam e investigador Honorario del Departamento de Investigación Social en La Trobe, Melbourne. Realizó su doctorado en lingüística en la University of Southern California Entre 2016 y 2019 fue Editor en Jefe de American Ethnologist y entre 2019-2020 Fellow en el Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies. Se ha especializado en temas relativos a la Antropología de la globalización, género, sexualidad, deporte, movilidad y lenguaje.

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Publicado
2020-07-11
Cómo citar
Narotzky, S., & Besnier, N. (2020). Crisis, valor y esperanza: repensar la economía. Cuadernos De antropología Social, (51). https://doi.org/10.34096/cas.i51.8236